A range of West Javanese traditional ceremonies, from religion to birth
West Java is an area that houses the riches of indigenous peoples. One of them is the West Javanese traditional ceremony. The traditional ceremonies belonging to the province are very diverse. Starting with religion, agriculture, birth, and others. This cultural heritage continues to be preserved by the community to this day.
As a resident of West Java, he is obliged to participate in the preservation of traditional ceremonies. However, for residents of other provinces, studying the cultural heritage of West Java is a form of love for the country. Cultural heritage can also be used as an educational tourist destination.
Cultural tourism can not only teach mawiththe yarakat of Indonesia, but also beable to attract foreign tourists. Thanks to tourism, culture can be presented to everyone in the world. The traditional ceremony is expected to be known to the wider community in order to preserve its sustainability.
West Javanese Traditional Ceremony BertEma Agamaghi
The traditional number one ceremony , which contains religious elements, is the shura porridge. This activity has nothing to do with Ashura Day, which is commonly referred to as the day of the death of one of the Islamic figures, Hussein. The grandson of the Prophet Muhammad died in some way in Karbala.
Residents where Western Javanese traditional ceremonies with religious nuances are the Cilacap community . The ISlam tradition is often associated with one of the Prophets, namely Noah. In addition, it is also associated with Nyai Pohachi SaNghyan Sri, who is the goddess of fertility in Javanese beliefs.
The tradition is held outside the home of one of the members of the inhabitants considered capable of beingVelengarakannia. Pelaxonannya can also be located on the edge of a river, a field or certain places desired by residents. These activities havemany completeness, such as offerings, art, sacred items for tools for making porridge.
The next religious Javanese traditional Barat ceremony is the Ngalungsur relic. The religious ceremony is led by the j uru key, more commonly referred to as kunchen. The legacy sunan Rohmat Suchi objects have also been introduced into this tradition . The site continues to be preserved by the locals.
In a series of ceremonial processes, participants can see the process of bathing relic objects. Participants can learn anything and what the legacy of Sunan Rohmat Suchi’s heritage looks like in their area. These relict objects are a symbol of Sunan Rohmat Qudus’ struggle to spread Islam.
Pilgrimage in the traditional ceremonies of West Java
The first traditional pilgrimage ceremony is rebo vekasan. The pilgrimage was usually organized by the inhabitants around the Drajat River, Chirebon. The form of activity is a visit to the tomb of Sunan Kalijag. The time of its implementation is Wednesday, namely the last week of the month of Shafar according to the Hijra calendar.
The Wednesday election of the last week of the month of Shafar has some significance. His choice was based on the assumption that this time was the best day in eliminating reinforcements and misfortunes. Budaya, which also accompanies the rebo vekasan, is a rowing competition. As a rule, the competition is held after the end of the traditional ceremony.
The next Javanese traditional B arat ceremony on the theme of pilgrimage is ngunjung or munjung. The name of this tradition is the source of the word kunjung, which consists in performing pilgrimage and prayer at the resting place of ancestors. The tradition symbolizes the gratitude of the inhabitants for the mercies rendered so far.
Residents of Indramayu, Chirebon and its environs usually adhere to these traditions in ancestral tombs, and religious figures are respected or considered sacred. The purpose of the tradition, of course, is to ask for the salvation of life. The tradition of gratitude is usually held after the rice harvest.
In this tradition, it is accompanied by performances of wayang kulit and plays as a typical regional art. In addition, the community also presents various special culinary products such as tumpeng rice and other traditional culinary types as recommended.
A Form of Gratitude for God’s Mercy Through Traditional West Java Ceremonies
In addition to the religious theme, there are also various traditional ceremonies held as a form of gratitude for the abundance of grace in earning a living from nature. There are various types of public business in making a living in nature, ranging from farming to going to sea. The community then performs a tradition to thank nature.
The first traditional ceremony of the theme is a sea party. The place of realization of the tradition is located in Pangandaran Chiamis and Pelabuhan Ratu, Sukabumi. In addition, it is also held in various coastal areas of West Java. In theirmop andtothe sanaan, fishermen carry offerings in the pen they were previously decorated with various ornaments.
One of the offerings in the tradition is a buffalo head wrapped in a white cloth. These offerings were immersed in the sea as a symbol of offerings to the guardians of the sea and rejection of the hosts. This tradition is held every year as a form of gratitude and hope for safety in the search for a livelihood at sea.
The West Javanese traditional ceremony as a form of gratitude for the favor of the creator of the next one is ngalax. Unlike sea parties, often held by fishermen, ngalaxa is organized by farmers. This tradition is usually performed by residents of Ranka Kalong district, Sumedang.
The process of selling ngalaxa is to transport the rice to the granary using rengkong (a long bamboo with holes is usually used to transport rice). The event will take place in June. An interesting aspect of the tradition is the sound of rengkong music, which swings when walking.
Nhalax has the meaning of the expression of the sukinthe inhabitants for the success of the harvest in agriculture. Society never forgets God’s role in the success of life. Having received favor at harvest, the community always conducts agalaxa as a form of gratitude to the Creator.
Wedding ceremony in West Java before pregnancy
West Java has many traditional ceremonies. In fact, there is more than just 1 ceremony at weddings. Among the ceremonies in marriage, there is a non-pendeun. Tradition is a visit by a male parent to a female parent to make friends and convey the intention to apply.
After that, ngalamar was held, which is a tradition in the form of visits by male parents to ask a woman. In tradition, wedding plans of the bride and groom are developed. Then a ceremony was also held, namely the process of sending the future groom to the woman’s parents for marriage.
After the wife has survived the period of pregnancy, tingkepan is performed. The tradition was held after the wife was pregnant with the child for 7 months. The Tingkepan origin of the word tingkep has a closed meaning. The fact is that the expectant mother is forbidden to mix with her husband for 40 days after childbirth.
West Javanese traditional ceremonies are often filled with the reading and bathing of a pregnant mother. This tradition also features a canister rook, namely a swarm consisting of 7 species or species. Later, the mother bathed the 7 closest family members, splattering the family with species of flower water.
On the 7th flush, acne is injected until it touches the mother’s abdomen. Tradition is to hope for the safety of the child inthe womb. In addition, it is also the maintenance of the mother’s health by reducing the proportion of work due to the long gestation period.
Western Java has many traditions that continue to be maintained and preserved by the local community. Almost every aspect of life is marked by traditions, from marriage, pregnancy, efforts to earn a living to pilgrimage in honor of ancestors. Kasha shura, rebo vekasan and sea festivals are some examples of yourpakara of Western Javanese customs.